Compliance regulations for US tax residences

Foreign Account Tax Compliance Act (FATCA)

FATCA is a U.S. source regulation that was enacted in 2010 to target non-compliance by U.S. taxpayers using foreign accounts.

FATCA requires foreign financial institutions to report to the U.S. information about financial accounts held by U.S. taxpayers, or by foreign entities in which U.S. taxpayers hold a substantial ownership interest.

FATCA has a cross-border effect and as such financial institutions throughout the world will meet its requirements.

Dodd Frank

The Dodd–Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act (Dodd-Frank) is a US federal law that was passed as a response to financial crisis. It brought significant changes to financial regulation in the U.S. Among its numerous aims were comprehensive regulation of financial markets and strengthened investor protection.

The regulation strives to protect U.S. persons. As such it has cross border effect. Financial institutions throughout the world have to adjust to those rules. This may mean limiting access to certain investment services and products to U.S. persons.